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Camarines Norte is found on the northwestern coast of the Bicol Peninsula which forms the southeastern section of Luzon, the largest island in the Philippine Archipelago. It is located between the Mt. Cadig-Labo Mountain ranges and the Pacific Ocean at 122Â°-20' to 123Â°-05' East longitude and 13Â°-50' to 14Â°-30' North latitude. It is bounded on the North by the Pacific Ocean, on the East by the Pacific Ocean and San Miguel Bay, on the West by Lamon Bay, and on the South by the adjoining provinces of Camarines Sur and Quezon. It has a land area of 232.007 has. or 2,320. sq. kms. representing about 13% of the Bicol area and 0.077% of the total Philippine area.
The province is composed of 12 towns, namely: Basud, Capalonga, Daet, Jose Panganiban, Labo, Mercedes, Paracale, San Lorenzo Ruiz, San Vicente, Sta.Elena, Talisay and Vinzons. Its capital town is Daet where the Provincial Capitol is located. It is composed of 282 barangays including those in a number of offshore islands. The province has two congressional districts; namely, Bicol and Tagalog Speaking Districts.
The province is second class with two (2) of its 12 towns classified as first class towns, namely: Daet and Labo,both currently applying for cityhood. It has organized all mandated local special bodies. Per Provincial Treasurerâs Office data, its average per capita income is P926.74.
There are 470,654 inhabitants as of 2000 censal year with 1.5% population growth rate and 214 population density.
Its land is classified into alienable and disposable land consisting of about 144, 705.14 has. or 62.37%, while forest land has an area of about 83,587.33 has. or 36.09% of its total land area; unclassified forest land consists of about 3,714.53 has. or 1.60%; classified forest land is further classified into timberland, forest reserves, national park and mangrove swamps. Part of the Bicol National Park is located in the municipality of Basud this province.
Characterized by rolling hills and mountains in the interior areas and fertile plains and valleys along the coast, the land area of the province is largely within the 0-8% and 8-18% slope with 72,483 and 77,315 has. or 32.95% and 35.14% of the total land area, respectively. Rolling to hilly category has 18.0 to 30.0% slope covering 28,223 has. or 12.83%, while the steep hills and mountains having 30.0 to 50.0% slope has 22, 556 has. or 10.25%, and the 50.0% slope above described has very steep hills and mountains comprising about 19,435 has. or 8.83% of the total land area of the province.
Its climate belongs to the second type with no dry season and with a very pronounced maximum rain period from November to January. This class particularly falls under the eastern and northern part of Camarines Norte. Average annual rainfall in 2003 is 184.62 mms. with the highest recorded in October in the same year with 433.5 mms. to as low as 26.1 in April. Average temperature is 27.87Â°C.
Coolest month is December and the warmest is May. From calendar year 1996-2003, year 1999 was recorded having the highest average annual rainfall of 451.48 mms. while 1997 has the least with 154.65 mms.
Camarines Norte has two (2) major river systems â Pagsangahan âBasud, and Busigon âLabo rivers. The former originates at the peak of Mt. Labo, while the latter originates from the peak of Mt. Cadig. The Camarines Norte Water District (CNWD) serves about seven (7) of the 12 municipalities of the province with level III water system; other towns have their own water systems, while some far-flung barangays serve their potable water needs from shallow wells, deep wells with storage tanks and jetmatic water pumps or levels I and II. 68,201 households (HH) or 74.24% of the total 91,866 HHs of Camarines Norte are served; while 23,665 HHs or 25.76% are not served by these water systems.
Its estimated metallic mineral reserves (gold, silver, iron, lead, zinc, iron lump, bull quarts and iron in laterite) total to 125.27 million metric tons, while its estimated non-metallic mineral reserves (silica, sand, marbleized limestone, kaolin/white clay, refractory clay and diatomaceous earth) run to 274.93 million metric tons.
The province is endowed with aesthetic environment ideal for tourism development. Some of the existing and potential attractions are land-based â6; coastal area-based â8; man-made â6; cultural-historical â 7, and; socio-economic â2. These are spread all over the province.
The National Transmission Company (TRANSCO)** through the Camarines Norte Electric Cooperative (CANORECO) which is supervised by the National Electrification Administration (NEA) provides the power and energy requirements of the province. It has an installed capacity of 17.5 mega volt amperes (MVA). In 2003, 252 barangays were energized equivalent to 92.31% of the 273 barangays of the province, excluding the 9 additional barangays of Sta. Elena. It has served 105 solar systems in island and coastal barangays â 65 units in Mercedes; 20 in Paracale, and; 20 in Vinzons.
There are nine (9) municipalities in the province located along Lamon and San Miguel bays and the Pacific Ocean, consisting of about 63 coastal barangays. These two bays and the Pacific Ocean are considered as among the major fishing areas in the country.
Number of Households and Size :
In censal year 2000, its total number of households (HHs) is 91,866 while the average HH size is 5.15.
Indigenous Peopleâs Population :
There are 3,366 indigenous peoples in the province living in 21 tribal settlement areas in seven (7) towns. They form 748 families.
English, Tagalog, Bikol and other ethnic languages in that order.
Ethnic Origin :
Of the 470,654 inhabitants of the province in 2000, 78.81% reported Bicol as their ethnic origin, 19.12% reported Tagalog and the rema
ining 2.10% reported Cebuano, Kankanai/Kankanaey, Ilocano, Bisaya, Waray, Maranao, Aeta, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, and other groups.
Labor Force :
In CY 2003, the population here of 15 years and over is 316,000.00. Of these, 186,000 are employed, 19,000 are unemployed and 111,000 are not in the labor force. The agriculture sector employed 69,000 or 37.10%, industry sector, 28,000 or 15.05% and services sector, 89,000 or 47.85% or 186,000 or 100%.
Financial Institutions :
Six (6) rural banks, two of which have each a branch in Daet; 11 commercial banks, two of these being government banks â the Development Bank of the Philippines and Land Bank of the Philippines; CN CoopBank, Quedan Guarantee Corp. and various cooperatives with lending programs; and the Department of Trade and Industry which has credit portfolio for farmers and fisherfolk.
School population in all levels in 1995 total to 201,786 and 213,237 in CY 2000; the growth levels in 1982-1990 is 2.55%, in 1990-1995 â 1.54% and in 1995-2000 â 5.67%.
Simple literacy rate among 10-years old and over, both sexes, is 97.55% while functional literacy rate is 90.01, per data available in CY 1994.
Health and Nutrition :
As of 2003, there are 16 rural health units, 94 barangay health stations, 68 health and nutrition posts and 178 family planning clinics in different towns of the province. There are 1,602 government health workers.
In 2003, the province has a total road length of 1,506.174 kms. of which 200.338 kms. are national, 146.590 kms. are provincial, 169.988 kms. are municipal and 989.258 kms. are barangay roads. By surface type, the roads are classified as concrete â 155.308 kms. or 10.31%, asphalt â 305.839 kms. or 20.21%, gravel â 498.850 kms. or 33.12% and earth â 546.178 kms. or 36.26%.
In 2002, national bridges in the province consist of a total of 2,424.99 lms. of which 2,375.49 lms. are concrete, and 49.50 lms. are steel. Provincial bridges consist of a total of 1,068.50 lms. of which 57.00 lms. are steel, 699.50 lms. are concrete and 234.00 lms. are timber.
The province has one national port in Jose Panganiban with pier, causeway and breakwater/seawall supported by 11 town fishing ports.
As of 2003, 16 postal offices and 18 postal stations are operating in the province; three (3) private companies and one (1) public company provide public calling office services are located in 11 towns; five (5) private local telephone exchange stations provide long distance services in four (4) towns.
There are 13 government and two (2) private telegraph stations, or a total of 15 stations in the province.
Cell Sites :
Three (3) cell sites are found in the province â Globe Telecom that can be found in Daet; Smart Telecom, also in Daet; and Sun Cellular located in Jose Panganiban.
Internet Cafes/Computer Rental Shops â CY 2003 :
Fourteen (14) internet cafes and computer rental shops are found Camarines Norte: 13 in Daet, and 1 in Talisay.
Media Outlets :
As of 2003, six (6) community newspapers are found in the province â Bulls Eye, Bicol Post, Bikol Ngayon, CN Journal, Daet Times and Peninsular News â all found in Daet with estimated circulation of 6,000 copies weekly. Three (3) radio stations are AM commercial radio networks â DZVX, DZMD, DZSL, and two (2) FM commercial radio networks â DWEN, and DWKS-Love Radio â are all in Daet; Hot FM are each found in Labo and Jose Panganiban, this pro-vince; and three government Radyo ng Bayan operate in the province â DWCN in Daet, DWLB in Labo, and RB Sta. Elena. The province has two TV stations/outlets: CNTV and ABS-CBN relay studio, all in Daet, the capital town.
Provincial Planning and Development Office (PPDO) with updates from the Community Affairs Office, and Tourism, Museum, Cultural & Archival Division