Basud, officially the Municipality of Basud, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Camarines Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 41,017 people.
The municipality has a total land area of 26,028 hectares (64,320 acres), representing about 11.59 percent of the total land area of the province.
At present, Basud is composed of 29 barangays after the poblacion was divided into two on June 6, 1988, through the initiative of late Municipal Councilor Modesto A. Zepeda during the incombency of then Mayor Silverio F. Quiñones Jr. Population shown from 2010 census. Today, the town is headed by new administration under the name of elected Mayor Dominador "Jun" Davocol from 2010 to present.
- Angas 1,175
- Bactas 1,599
- Binantyagan 397
- Caayunan 1,244
- Guinatungan 857
- Hinampacan 650
- Langga 830
- Laniton 1,490
- Lidong 401
- Mampili 1,110
- Mandazo 711
- Mangcamagong 1,400
- Manmuntay 669
- Mantugawe 1,056
- Matnog 2,963
- Mocong 847
- Oliva 928
- Pagsangahan 1,337
- Pinagwarasan 1,054
- Plaridel 1,089
- Poblacion 3,043
- Poblacion 2 2,701
- San Felipe 3,282
- San Lorenzo Ruiz 995
- San Pascual 1,560
- Taba-Taba 657
- Tacad 1,028
- Taisan 1,207
- Tuaca 1,896
|Population census of Basud|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Basud, Camarines Norte, was 41,017 people, with a density of 160 inhabitants per square kilometre or 410 inhabitants per square mile.
The municipal population is unevenly distributed over its 29 barangays and varies in terms of population sizes and growth rates. The barangays along the national road recorded the highest population share. In 2007 San Felipe recorded a population share of 8.63%, Barangay Poblacion 1 and Matnog followed with 8.02% and 7.79%, respectively. Binatagan has the least population with 295 or 0.80% of the total population.
The Spanish conquerors first set foot in the town of Basud in 1651. They found natives living in the clusters near the river delta. The area, formed by washed up earth and sand, was sandy so that the Spaniards named it “Basud” which means "sandy beach" in Bicol language.
Basud was originally a visita of Daet, which governed its civil and ecclesiastical functions for years. However, the Bishop of Caceres created it as a Parish on December 18, 1894. The Parish was dedicated to St. Raphael the Archangel whose feast day is celebrated every October 24. Its local government was also separated from Daet in 1908 after Executive Order No. 114 which declared it as a separate municipality.
Basud was one of those poorly fortified forts of Daet during the Moro raids. Like Mercedes, the poor natives were at the mercy of Moro piracy which transpired from about 1580 to 1792. These natives were either captured or tortured if they tried to defend themselves. Those who succeeded in fleeing to the mountains either returned after the danger was over or permanently lived in the hills as remontados. They refused to live again in organized but unprotected communities. These remontados were converted Christians, but they preferred living in the hills to avoid paying taxes and obey forced labor.
The municipality’s lands, which are devoted to agriculture, have an approximate area of 12,086.60 hectares or 47.38% percent of the municipality’s total land area. The municipality is producing three major agricultural crops. Coconut land occupies the largest area that has 10,324 hectares. Rice land, which has the second largest area with 627.10 hectares irrigated and 254 hectares rainfed. The third is 586 hectares planted to pineapple. Other crops are seasonal crops and are being for family consumption only.
Copra is known to be the chief product and the main source of income of the municipality. Coconut by-products such as brooms, baskets, charcoal and even soap making are the traditional sources of income of the people.
The second major product of the municipality is palay, which is harvested twice a year in irrigated areas of 627.10 hectares, which has an average yield of 80 cavans per cropping of 74.24 MT per year. Rainfed areas are being harvested once a year with 60 cavans per hectare per cropping or 17.04 MT per year and even lesser in times of calamities and drought.
Pineapple, which lately bloomed in production due to the government assistance on crop loan, has made farmers to plant most of the coco-based areas. It occupies an area of 586 hectares. Pineapple production is usually 18 to 20 months before it can be harvested.
The present livestock production is primarily on small-scale basis with mostly backyard farming except those who produce broilers, which range from 100 to 300 birds. Poultry such as native chicken are usually few in numbers per farmer and subsist on stray grain and grasses. Pest and diseases often attack the birds, thus dwindle the stock and produces low quality chickens.
Hogs are also a backyard activity. There are usually 1 to 2 stocks per farmer. The housing is built of light local materials. Breeding and inter-breeding with poor quality species results to a smaller and slower hog variety. Farmers cannot afford to have high quality breed because of high capital including the high cost of feeds and the risk in raising this kind of variety, thus diminishing the margin of profit.
The municipality has two coastal barangays namely: Taba-taba and Mangcamagong situated along the coast of San Miguel Bay. Most of the fishermen here are sustenance fishermen with limited fishing paraphernalia and few own fishing boats of three tons gross and less.
Fish caught in this area are customarily brought and hauled in Mercedes since most of these fishermen have consignment deals with fish dealers. Few are sold in Basud town proper through rigaton. The necessity to improve the road and market facilities will possibly change the trend of fish marketing here in Basud. Likewise, fishermen themselves could directly market their catch to Manila and command a higher price without so much cost on fuel.
The municipality of Basud significantly improved for the last ten years in terms of commerce. The municipal officials focused their attention at the municipality public market as the center of commerce. It was established in 1990 seven fresh fish stalls, meat stalls, vegetables stalls, dried fish stalls, sari-sari stores, agricultural stall, hardware, drugstore, bakery and dry good stall.
Study reveals that occupants vacated their stalls due to poor or lack of patronage on the part of the people and an insufficient capital on the part of the stallholders.
- Diatomaeous Earth (White Clay)
The municipality is rich in mineral resources such as diatomaceous earth (DE) or commonly called white clay. This is one of the income generating industries of the municipality. This non-metallic mineral can be found in barangays Caayunan, San Pascual, Oliva and San Felipe. It has a total approximate reserve of 1,289,600 metric tons.
- Gravel and sand
The municipality has a viable source of sand and gravel. The Bactas River located in Pagsangahan and Oliva is a source of mixed gravel and coarse aggregate. It is being extracted by mining concessionaries. Matnog is another source of construction aggregates including sand that is being extracted by the barangay people.
Land transportation is the primary means of transporting people, goods and services from the barangay to the town proper of Basud. While sea transport is being used by the municipality’s two coastal barangays, namely: Taba-taba and Mangcamagong, they often use during summer as an alternative route to the fishing town of Mercedes.
The municipal proper is being linked to its different barangays by the municipality’s two major roads, namely the Maharlika Highway and the Mangcamagong provincial road. The Maharlika highway has a total length of 25.50 kilometers stretching from the boundary of the municipality of Daet to the Camarines Norte - Camarines Sur boundary. The Mangcamagong provincial road has a total length of 9.46 kilometers, stretching from the municipal boundary of Basud and Mercedes to the junction of Maharlika highway.
The municipality has a total road network of 138.057 kilometers composed of 25.50 kilometers of national highway and 23.16 kilometers of provincial roads including 83.481 kilometers of barangay roads and 5.956 kilometers of municipal streets.
- Fish landing
Basud has fish ports serving the two coastal barangays of Mangcamagong and Taba-taba. To this date, said fish port that the government spent more than one million pesos cannot fully serve for its main purpose, first, due to its almost dilapidated structure and secondly, there is no big fishing vessels using the port.
- Water supply
The different barangays of the municipality is being served by levels I, II and III water supply. As of 2001, serving with potable water is 4,110 households. CNWD was serving 2,558 households mostly in barangays Poblacion I, Poblacion II and part of barangays Matnog, Bactas and Mocong. The municipality’s water consumers are consuming an average of 07.4 cubic meters per day. To cope with the consumption demand especially during summer, the CNWD has constructed an elevated water tank with a capacity of 200 cubic meters and implementing the “Tubig ng Buhay, Hatid sa Barangay” program.
Barangays San Pascual, Caayunan, Tuaca and San Felipe are being served by spring development. Other barangays are being served by shallow wells, deep wells or dug wells.
- Power supply
Basud has been served by electric power, formerly by the defunct Hidalgo Electric Enterprise, now by the National Power Corporation through the Camarines Norte Electric Cooperative (CANORECO). After the establishment of this cooperative, there was a great improvement in terms of power supply condition in the municipality.
Basud has a telecommunication system that is being run by one personnel of the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC). There are two satellites of Smart and Globe in Poblacion II. There is postal office and has a staff of one mail carriers serving all barangays in the municipality. These personnel cannot adequately serve the entire from the lack of personnel; another problem is the difficulty in the delivery of mails in the remote and far-flung barangays.
The municipality has 26 elementary schools, two National High Schools and 31 Day Care Centers. Barangay Caayunan has two elementary schools while barangays Mantugawe, Binatagan and Manmuntay has no existing one. There are four High School namely: Basud National High School at Poblacion Uno and Amoguis, San Felipe National High School at Barangay San Felipe, Tuaca National High at Barangay Tuaca and Dominador Narrido High School at Barangay Taisan.
There are five major tourist attractions in the municipality, this are;
- The Taba-taba white sand beach. This beach is situated at the shoreline of barangay Taba-taba and is accessible by barangay road from the junction of the Mangcamagong provincial road. The beach is part of San Miguel Bay and is very shallow with gradual depth of 4 to 7 feet during high tide. The seawater is so clean and calm and is famous of its white glittering sand with an approximately 40 meter distance of shoreline, which extends along the sea coast of the barangay proper.
- The Mangcamagong beach has almost the same feature as that of Taba-taba. The only difference is that Mangcamagong beach has a longer shoreline than Taba-taba.
- The Bicol Natural Park is located within the territorial jurisdiction of barangay Tuaca. It has a distance of 18 kilometers from the town proper. It has a forest reserve land area of 3,34 hectares. At the heart of this forest is the famous 7- kilometer winding road called Bitukang Manok. Motorists in all walks of life, while passing this forest zone feel the cool breeze and moderate winds. It lies between the Province of Camarines Sur and Camarines Norte. The boundary is very much identified because of its famous Bahi River passing a permanent boundary marker.
- There are seven waterfalls in barangay San Pascual, Basud, Camarines Norte. According to barangay Captain Jess Saloma it is known as the Reyna Zafari heroes. The trail is not difficult and after more or less two hours depending on the pacing of the group, the falls can be reached. The road that leads to the barangay is well paved and is accessible by public transportation. The photo of reyna zafari heroes falls was taken by Kagawad Ferdinand Pla of barangay uno, Daet, Camarines Norte.
- The twin falls of barangay San Felipe is one of the most accessible waterfalls in the province of Camarines Norte. Nature lovers will be able to experience the twin falls after a fifteen minutes trek. The photo of the twin falls was taken by Jolly Walker.
Other historic spots, religious shrine, natural and scenic spots, parks and other man made attractions is cherished places of the beautiful town of Basud.
The municipal government has many plans for the development of these tourist potentials but considering its limited resources, the same was left behind.
SOURCE: Camarines Norte Museum Archived Shrine and Curation Division